Union Headquarters monuments > 12th Corps > 1st Division

The monument to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th  Corps is southeast of Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill. ( South Culp’s Hill tour map)

Monument to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Corps of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg

Monument to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Corps. The monument to the 20th Connecticut is in the background.

12th Corps Headquarters flag Attached to the 1st Division12th Corps, Army of the Potomac 12th Corps, 1st Division Headquarters flag

Colonel Archibald L. McDougall commanded the brigade at Gettysburg. McDougall was colonel of the 123rd New York Infantry and was temporarily commanding the brigade as senior colonel while Brigadier General Joseph F. Knipe was on convalescent leave.

From the monument

Army of the Potomac
Twelfth Corps First Division
First Brigade 
Col. Archibald L. McDougall
5th 20th Connecticut 3d Maryland
123d 145th New York 46th Penna. Infantry

July 1. Marched from Littlestown and when within two miles of Gettysburg advanced on Wolf Hill then occupied by a Confederate force. Retired and bivouacked until morning.

July 2. Crossed Rock Creek in the morning and formed in two lines on Culp’s Hill to the right of Second Division. The rear line behind a stone wall the front line forty yards in front where breastworks were immediately constructed. Late in the day went to support of Third Corps line and after dark returned and found the works and woods in rear in possession of Major Gen. Johnson’s Confederate Division.

July 3. At daylight the Brigade with the artillery and infantry of the Corps attacked Major Gen. Johnson’s Division which had been reinforced from Major Gen. Early’s and Major Gen. Rodes’ Divisions and at 10.30 A. M. recaptured the works after a fierce contest. In the afternoon sent to the support of Second Corps.

July 4. The 123d New York 5th Conn. and 46th Penna. with the regiments of Third Brigade and a battery made a reconnaissance in the morning in front and to the town of Gettysburg under Col. S. Colgrove and Major Gen. H. W. Slocum and found no Confederate forces.

Casualties Killed 1 Officer 11 Men Wounded 4 Officers 56 Men Captured or Missing 1 Officer 7 Men Total 80

Location of the monument

The monument is southeast of Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill. It is on the east side of Slocum Avenue about 500 feet north of where it splits with Getty Avenue.