The monument to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps is southeast of Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill. (Tour map: South Culp’s Hill) The brigade was commanded by Colonel Archibald L. McDougall. McDougall was colonel of the 123rd New York Infantry and was temporarily commanding the brigade as senior colonel while Brigadier General Joseph F. Knipe was on convalescent leave.
|Attached to the 1st Division, 12th Corps, Army of the Potomac.|
From the monument
July 1. Marched from Littlestown and when within two miles of Gettysburg advanced on Wolf Hill then occupied by a Confederate force. Retired and bivouacked until morning.
July 2. Crossed Rock Creek in the morning and formed in two lines on Culp’s Hill to the right of Second Division. The rear line behind a stone wall the front line forty yards in front where breastworks were immediately constructed. Late in the day went to support of Third Corps line and after dark returned and found the works and woods in rear in possession of Major Gen. Johnson’s Confederate Division.
July 3. At daylight the Brigade with the artillery and infantry of the Corps attacked Major Gen. Johnson’s Division which had been reinforced from Major Gen. Early’s and Major Gen. Rodes’ Divisions and at 10.30 A. M. recaptured the works after a fierce contest. In the afternoon sent to the support of Second Corps.
July 4. The 123d New York 5th Conn. and 46th Penna. with the regiments of Third Brigade and a battery made a reconnaissance in the morning in front and to the town of Gettysburg under Col. S. Colgrove and Major Gen. H. W. Slocum and found no Confederate forces.
Casualties Killed 1 Officer 11 Men Wounded 4 Officers 56 Men Captured or Missing 1 Officer 7 Men Total 80