The monument to the 1st Division, 12th Corps is southeast of Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill. (Tour map: South Culp’s Hill)
|Attached to the 12th Corps, Army of the Potomac.
The 1st Division flag is the corps symbol, a five pointed star, in red on a white background.
Brigadier General Alpheus Williams commanded the division at the Battle of Gettysburg. Williams was a lawyer and militia officer from Detroit, Michigan.
At the start of the battle Twelfth Corps commander Henry Slocum was assigned temporary command of the right wing of the army. When he arrived at Gettysburg late on the evening of July 1st he became senior commander on the field. Alpheus Williams became temporary commander of the Twelfth Corps during this time, while Brigadier General Thomas Ruger took command of the First Division.
From the monument
Army of the Potomac
Brig. General Alpheus S. Williams
Brig. General Thos. H. Ruger
July 1. Approaching Rock Creek on the Baltimore Pike the Division moved on a cross road to occupy Wolf Hill but retired at sunset and took position east of Rock Creek for the night. The First and Sixth Corps having been included in Gen. Slocum’s command Gen. Williams assumed command of the Corps. Gen. Ruger of the First Division and Col. S. Colgrove of the Third Brigade.
July 2. Brig. Gen. Lockwood’s Brigade joined the Corps early in the morning not having been assigned to a division was subject to the direct orders of the Corps Commander until assigned July 5th to First Division. The Division at 8 A. M. crossed Rock Creek and formed on the right of Second Division its left on Culp’s Hill the right in McAllister’s Woods. Breastworks were constructed along the line. Late in the day the Division moved to support Third Corps and Johnson’s Confederate Division advanced and occupied the vacant works.
July 3. At daylight attacked the Confederate Infantry and was hotly engaged with charges and countercharges at different points until 10:30 A. M. when the Confederate forces retired.
July 4. Early in the morning Gen. Slocum with a detachment of infantry and a battery made a reconnaissance in front to Gettysburg without opposition.
Casualties Killed 6 Officers 90 Men Wounded 27 Officers 379 Men Captured or Missing 1 Officer 30 Men Total 533
Location of the monument
The monument is southeast of Gettysburg of Culp’s Hill. It is on the west side of Slocum Avenue about 750 feet north of the parking area at Spangler’s Spring.