Union Headquarters monuments > 12th Corps

12th Corps Headquarters flag 12th Corps, 2nd Division Headquarters flag
Attached to the 12th Corps. The 2nd Division flag is the corps symbol, a five pointed star, in white on a blue background.


The monument to the Second Division of the Twelfth Army Corps is southeast of Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill. (Tour map: North Culp’s Hill)

The division was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Brigadier General John Geary. Geary had been wounded severeal times leading a regiment in the Mexican war, had been the last Alcalde and first Mayor of San Franciso, and was Governor of war-torn Kansas Territory. By the Gettysburg Campaign he had already been wounded three more times in the Civil War. At 6′ 6″ he was a good target.

Monument to the 2nd Division of the 12th Corps of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg

From the monument:

Army of the Potomac
Twelfth Corps
Second Division
Brig. General John W. Geary

First Brigade Col. Charles Candy
Second Brigade Col. Geo. A. Cobham Jr.
Brig. Thos. L. Kane
Third Brigade Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Greene

July 1. Arrived on the Baltimore Pike and went into position about 5 P. M. the First and Third Brigades on the line from Cemetery Ridge to Little Round Top Second Brigade on the left of Baltimore Pike.

July 2. In the morning the First and Third Brigades took position on the right of First Corps on Culp’s Hill connecting with First Division on the right Breastworks were thrown up along the entire front. At 7 P. M. the First and Third Brigades on the Baltimore Pike moved off intending to support Third Corps. Brig. Gen. Greene extended the Third Brigade over the line of the Second Brigade refusing his right. Being reinforced by about 750 men from the left he held his position against the attacks of Johnson’s Confederate Division.

July 3. At 3 A. M. an attack by infantry and artillery was made on Johnson’s Division and after a contest of seven hours the Confederate forces were driven from their position losing heavily in killed wounded and prisoners also three battleflags and over 5,000 small arms.

Casualties Killed 12 Officers 96 Men Wounded 16 Officers 381 Men Captured or Missing 1 Officer 34 Men Total 540

Union Brigadier General John Geary

Union Brigadier General John Geary