Gettysburg Farms & Buildings


The black horse Tavern, southwest of Gettysburg

The Black Horse Tavern is about two and a half miles southwest of Gettysburg on Fairfield Road. It was owned by Francis Bream, the wealthiest landowner in Adams County, who lived in the building with his wife Elizabeth and eight other family members. It is a private residence today.

On July 1st, The Confederate division of Lafayette McLaws camped in the vicinity before moving up for their assault on July 2.

During the battle it was a prominent landmark and staging area behind the Confederate lines and on Lee’s line of retreat.

From the War Department marker in front of the tavern:

The Black Horse Tavern

At the time of the battle of Gettysburg
this was the name of the tavern kept
in this stone house which was built
in 1813 and in a large log house
of much older date then adjoining.

Marker in front of the Black Horse tavern southwest of Gettysburg

Marker in front of the tavern southwest of Gettysburg

Location of the tavern at Gettysburg

The tavern is about two and a half miles southwest of Gettysburg on the north side of Fairfield Road at its intersection with Black Horse Tavern Road. (39°49’08.4″N 77°17’01.9″W)