Confederate Headquarters – Longstreet’s First Corps

The monument to McLaws’ Division of the Army of Northern Virginia (top) is southwest of Gettysburg on West Confederate Avenue. (Tour map: West Confederate Avenue – Pt. 5) A position marker is in front of the Black Horse Tavern on Fairfield Road.

The division was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Major General Lafayette McLaws (USMA ’42), a career army officer from Georgia.

Monument to McLaws' Division of the Army of Northern Virginia on the Gettysburg battlefield

From the monument:

Army of Northern Virginia
First Army Corps
McLaws Division Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws

Kershaw’s Brigade Brig. Gen. J. B. Kershaw
Barksdale’s Brigade Brig. Gen. William Barksdale
Col. B. G. Humphreys
Semmes’ Brigade Brig. Gen. R J. Semmes
Col. George Bryan
Wofford’s Brigade Brig Gen. W. T Wofford
Artillery Battalion
Four Batteries Col. H. C. Cabell

July 1. The Division reached Marsh Creek four miles from Gettysburg after dark.

July 2. The Division was placed in position facing the Union line on the Emmitsburg Road. About 4 P. M. the batteries opened on the position the Division pressing to the front and the Union troops retiring to the hill in rear. The battle continued until nearly night when a strong Union force met the supporting Division which was cooperating on the left and drove one brigade back and checked the support of the other brigade exposing the left. It was thought prudent not to push further until other troops of the Corps came up. The Division was withdrawn to the first position of Union troops resting at the Peach Orchard the conflict to be renewed in the morning when other orders were received.

July 3. With the exception of severe skirmishing the Division was not engaged and after night disposition were made to withdraw.

July 4. The Division took up the line of march during the night.

Casualties Killed 313 Wounded 1538 Captured orMissing 327 Total 2178

Marker for McLaws' and Pickett's Divisions at Black Horse Tavern outside Gettysburg

From the marker by Black Horse Tavern:

Army of Northern Virginia
Longstreet’s Corps
McLaws’s and Pickett’s Divisions

July 1 McLaws’s Division arrived late in the day and camped in this vicinity.

July 2 In the morning McLaws’s Division moved on the road towards Gettysburg but turning to the right half mile this side of Willoughby Run and crossing that stream lower down formed line as marked on the Battlefield. Pickett’s Division marched by this place in the afternoon but followed the other road with some deflections to avoid being seen by the Union Signal Corps and crossing Willoughby Run lay that night in the west side of Spangler’s Woods.

Confederate Major General Lafayette McLaws

Confederate Major General Lafayette McLaws