The Battle of Gettysburg was the largest and deadliest battle of the American Civil War. For three days over 160,000 men fought for their competing visions of America. More than a quarter were killed, wounded, or went into captivity. The survivors knew they had been through one of history’s great struggles. Many later returned to the Gettysburg battlefield to pass their memories on to future generations through messages in stone, bronze, and iron.

Gettysburg is a vast outdoor classroom. Over 1200 monuments and markers help visitors explore one of the great turning points in American history. This site explores the battlefield with photographs, text and map locations for each of the monuments and markers. There is also supporting information incuding links to background histories and biographies.

Union monuments at Gettysburg

Monuments to Union regiments and batteries

These are the most numerous monuments on the battlefield. Almost every Federal regiment and battery that fought at Gettysburg is represented by one or more monuments. There are even some monuments to units that were not there but who took part in actions that supported the battle.

 Confederate monuments at Gettysburg

Confederate monuments

Most Confederate monuments have been erected by Southern states honoring all the veterans of that state. There are only a few monuments to individual Confederate units.

 Monuments to individuals at Gettysburg

Monuments to individuals

Over 40 monuments honor individuals. Most are to generals, but there a Medal of Honor recipient and two chaplains are represented. There are even monuments to two civilians – one who grabbed a gun and joined the fight, and another who represents the sacrifice and suffering of women in the Civil War.

 Headquarters monuments at Gettysburg

War Department markers

In the early days of the park the War Department erected markers to over 100 Union and Confederate headquarters. These help visitors to understand the battle by detailing the actions of the brigades, divisions and corps who were involved. The War Department also placed markers for each of the Confederate artillery batteries at the locations where they fought.

Gettysburg tour maps

Tour the Gettysburg battlefield

Over 50 tour maps let you see where the monuments are in relation to each other and the main roads and terrain features of the park.

Gettysburg battlefield farms

Battlefield farms

The farms and other buildings around Gettysburg were not just background scenery to the battle. They were people’s homes and shelters, and each has its unique story.

Many of the pages on this site have links to two companion sites. The Civil War in the East provides unit histories, biographies, and additional information of interest. The main Stone Sentinels website explores over 50 related Civil War battlefields and other important Civil War sites from Pennsylvania to southern Virginia.