Union Headquarters monuments > 1st Corps


1st Corps Headquarters Flag

 

The monument to the Artillery Brigade of the First Army Corps is south of Gettysburg on East Cemetery Hill. (39.821163° N, 77.228989° W; Google map; Tour map: East Cemetery Hill)

The brigade was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, a prosperous produce farmer from New York. Wainwright kept an diary of his Civil War years (A Diary Of Battle: The Personal Journals Of Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, 1861-1865) that was finally published in 1962. Filled with well written observations of the army’s battles and leaders, it is considered one of the best diaries to come out of the war.

Monument to the Artillery Brigade of the 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg

From the monument:

Army of the Potomac 
First Corps 
Artillery Brigade
Col. Charles S. Wainwright
Maine 2d Battery B Six 3 Inch Rifles
Capt. James A. Hall
Maine 5th Battery E Six 12 Pounders
Capt. Greenleaf T. Stevens Lieut. Edward N. Whittier
1st New York Battery L Four 3 Inch Rifles
Capt. Gilbert Reynolds Lieut. George Breck
1st Penna. Battery B Four 3 Inch Rifles
Capt. James H. Cooper
4th U. S. Battery B Four 12 Pounders
Lieut. James Stewart

July 1. Arrived between 10 and 11 A. M. Battery B 2d Maine in advance relieved Battery A 2d U. S. on Chambersburg Pike and became hotly engaged with artillery in front and infantry on right but was compelled to retire from the ridge. About 2 P. M. the Confederates having opened with artillery from Oak Hill on right the batteries in advance were compelled to withdraw and take position on ridge in rear and on both sides of Reynolds Woods but again being flanked and enfiladed by Confederate infantry and artillery the Union forces were withdrawn to Seminary Ridge and at 4 P. M. retired through the town to Cemetery Hill. On reaching Cemetery Hill the artillery was immediately put into position for defence.

 

July 2. Not engaged until 4 P. M. when the Confederates opened on the position with four 20 Pounders and six 10 Pounder Parrotts but were compelled to withdraw. Battery B 1st Penna. relieved by Batteries F and C 1st Penna. At dusk the position on East Cemetery Hill was attacked by Brig. Gen. Hays’s and Brig. Gen. Hoke’s Brigades.They fought through Battery I 1st New York into Batteries F and C 1st Penna. spiking one gun. The cannoniers stood to their guns and with handspikes rammers and stones and the aid of infantry that was hurried to the defence the attack was repulsed between 9 and 10 P. M.

July 3. No serious engagement.

Casualties Killed 9 Men Wounded 6 Officers 80 Men Captured or Missing 11 Men Total 106

Union Colonel Charles S. Wainwright

Union Colonel Charles S. Wainwright