There are two monuments to the 4th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment on the Gettysburg battlefield. Both were dedicated by the State of Ohio on September 14, 1887. The main monument is on East Cemetery Hill. (East Cemetery Hill tour map) A smaller monument showing the position of detached Companies G & I is on Emmitsburg Road. (Hancock Avenue at Ziegler’s Grove tour map)
About the main monument to the 4th Ohio Infantry
The monument consists of a statue of a soldier standing atop a tall pedestal. The pedestal is heavily ornamented, with reliefs of the trefoil symbol of the Second Corps, the Seal of the State of Ohio, flags, rifles and an eagle.
The monument, marker, and flank markers were all cast of zinc, or “white bronze”. Unfortunately, the material was not as durable as the true bronze of most other metal monuments on the battlefield. The metal was banned for Gettysburg monuments immediately after the 4th Ohio monument was unveiled.
By 1976 the monument was leaning to one side and cracks were developing in the base, and the top of the monument was removed for safety reasons. It was restored in 2004 with the addition of a steel plate. The cost was paid for by an Ohio group of Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War.
The 4th Ohio Infantry Regiment at the Battle of Gettysburg
Lieutenant Colonel Leonard W. Carpenter, a medical student from Mount Vernon, commanded the 4th Ohio Infantry at Gettysburg. It brought 229 men to the field, losing 9 killed, 17 wounded and 5 missing.
See Lieutenant Colonel Carpenter’s Official Report on the 4th Ohio at Gettysburg
From the front of the monument on Cemetery Hill
4th Ohio Infantry
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Corps
From the left side of the monument
On the evening of July 2, 1863. Carroll’s Brigade was sent from its position with the 2nd Corps to re-enforce this position of the line, and this monument marks the position where, as part of that brigade, the 4th Ohio Infantry at that time participated in repelling an attack of the enemy.
Companies A&B from Mt. Vernon, Knox County
Companies C&I from Delaware, Delaware County
Companies D&G from Kenton, Hardin County
From the right side of the monument
July 2 and 3, 1863.
Capt. Samuel J. Shoub, Co. I
Lieut. Addison H. Edgar, Co. G
Corp. John Debolt, Co. B
Private James W. Harl, Co. A
William Bain, Co. G,
George H. Martin Co. G
George H. Martin, Co. G
Asa O. Davis, Co. G,
David W. Collins, Co. G
Andrew Myers, Co. G
Simon Rollenson, Co. I
Jacob Sheak, Co. I
Henry G. Stark, Co. I
Capt. Peter Grubb, Co. G
Sergt. M V. B. Longworth, Co. G
Corp. Lyman S. Ensign, Co. F
Private Wm. D. Breyfogle, Co. C
Samuel Wells, Co. C
Finley Bain, Co. C
James Holloway, Co. C
Reason Gillmore, Co. D
Michael Hermann, Co. G
Henry P. Pfeiffer, Co. G
Wm. Shinderwolf, Co. G
George W. Wilcox, Co. G
John Winstead, Co. I
Jacob Boyer, Co. K
Joseph Short, Co. K
From the rear of the monument
North Anna River
Organized for three months’ service
at Columbus, Ohio, April 21, 1861.
Reorganized for three years’ service
at Camp Dennison, Ohio, June 5, 1861.
Mustered out at expiration of term
of service June 22, 1864.
Location of the monument to the 4th Ohio Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg
The main monument to the 4th Ohio is south of Gettysburg on the east side of Baltimore Pike about 55 yards east of the Evergreen Cemetery Gatehouse. (39°49’15.5″N 77°13’43.5″W)
Position marker for the 4th Ohio Infantry
From the marker on Emmitsburg Road
From the front:
Companies G and I,
4th Ohio Infantry,
1st Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps,
July 2, 1863.
From the left side:
At 3 p.m., July 2, 1863, while the regiment was lying on Cemetery Ridge, Companies G and I, Fourth Ohio Infantry, detached under Captain Peter Grubb of Company G, advanced to this position where, with severe loss, they engaged the enemy during the remainder of the day. Late in the evening they were withdrawn to the regiment on East Cemetery Hill.
From the right side:
In honor of her
brave sons who
the State of Ohio
erects this memorial
From the rear:
Location of the marker for the 4th Ohio Infantry at Gettysburg
The position marker for Companies G & I of the 4th Ohio Infantry is south of Gettysburg on the east side of Steinwehr Avenue just south of the intersection with Cyclorama Drive. (39°49’00.2″N 77°14’10.7″W)