No. 119. — Report of Lieut. Col. Leonard W. Carpenter 4th Ohio

July 6, 1863.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the Fourth Ohio , under my command, in the battle near Gettysburg, on the 2d and 3d instant:

On the 2d, early in the morning, I moved, with the balance of the brigade, from a point about 1½ miles in rear of the cemetery, where we had bivouacked during the night of the let, a little in rear of Cemetery Hill: with my right resting on the road leading from Taneytown to Gettysburg, facing toward the latter place.

At 9.30 a.m. I received orders to advance four companies of my to support the line of pickets, which I did, under command of Major Stewart; and at 3 p.m. I relieved them with two companies under Captain Grubb.

At 4 p.m. the enemy opened with his artillery, and for two hours we were exposed to a heavy fire of shot and shell, which, however, did but little damage.

At 6 p.m. I received orders to change my position farther to the left, and formed between two batteries, at right angles to my former line of battle. I remained here for one and a half hours, the whole time exposed to the enemy’s artillery and sharpshooters, but being somewhat protected by a fence, the did not suffer greatly.

At 7.30 o’clock I received orders to again change my position, and, under the guidance of Captain Gregg, acting assistant inspector-general, First Brigade, I moved across the Taneytown road, and formed in line of battle to the right of the cemetery, and moved forward, and, finding the enemy in possession of a part of our line, we drove them before us, and captured a number of prisoners. We remained in position during the night, throwing out pickets well to the front.

On the 3d, we retained our position, and awaited patiently, under a terrific fire of artillery, the approach of the enemy, but they did not again attempt that portion of our line that day or subsequently. We captured 34 prisoners and 200 stand of arms.

We were armed on going into the fight with the smooth-bore muskets, but these were exchanged for good Springfield rifles that we captured from the enemy.

The numbered on going into the fight 22 commissioned officers and 277 enlisted men.

The officers and men behaved most handsomely, and the maneuvered on the field as if on drill. I beg leave to make special mention of Captain Grubb, who was in command of the two companies that were on picket when the battle commenced, and was wounded; also of Captain Camp. Lieuts. S. J. Shoub and A. H. Edgar, both young and promising officers, were killed early in the engagement.

The following is a list of the casualties:

Officers and men





Commissioned officers




Enlisted men










Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Lieut. Col., Comdg. Fourth Regt. Ohio Vol. .

Lieut. J. G. REID,
A. A. A. G., First Brig., Third Div., Second Corps.
from OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 27, Part 1