Union Headquarters monuments > Cavalry Corps > 2nd Division

The monument to the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division of the Cavalry Corps is east of Gettysburg on the East Cavalry Battlefield. (East Cavalry Battlefield – south end tour map)

Monument to the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg

Monument to the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps at Gettysburg

Army of the Potomac 
Cavalry Corps Second Division 
First Brigade
Col. John B. McIntosh

1st MD. (11 Cos.) Purnell Legion 1st Mass. Co. A
1st New Jersey 1st 3rd Penna. Cavalry
Section Battery H 3rd Penna. H. Artillery

July 2. After an exhausting march took position about noon on Hanover Road near intersection with Low Dutch Road Third Brigade on left. During the afternoon there was a skirmish between 3d Penna.Purnell Legion 1st New Jersey and Section Battery H Penna. H. A. and 2d Virginia Infantry for the possession of Brinkerhoff Ridge. About 10 P. M. the line was withdrawn and with Third Brigade bivouacked on Baltimore Pike nearly a mile east of Rock Creek Bridge. 1st Mass. with Sixth Corps.

July 3. Returning in the morning and finding Second Brigade Third Division in position of the day before the Brigade formed on left of Second Brigade Third Division and soon after noon relieved it. About 2 P. M. a large Confederate force having been observed Brig. Gen. D. McM. Gregg ordered Second Brigade Third Division to return and the Brigade with Second Brigade Third Division was soon engaged with Major Gen. Stuart’s command. About 3 P. M. Brig. Gen. Hampton’s and Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee’s Brigades the reserves which had been concealed on the Stallsmith Farm emerged from the woods in front and charged but were repulsed with the aid of Artillery.

Casualties Wounded 7 Officers 19 Men Captured or Missing 9 Men Total 35

Colonel John B. McIntosh

Colonel John B. McIntosh commanded the brigade at Gettysburg. McIntosh was born in Florida, the son of a career army officer who was killed in the Battle of Molino del Rey. John served in the Navy in the Mexican War, then resigned to become a businessman in New Brunswick, New Jersey. At the beginning of the Civil War he became a lieutenant in the 2nd United States Cavalry. His brother James had become a Confederate general and was killed at the Battle of Pea Ridge.

John served in the Peninsula Campaign and at Antietam, advancing to the rank of major. He was appointed colonel of the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment in November of 1862. In February he took command of the brigade as senior colonel. In July of 1864 he was promoted to brigadier general, U.S.V. He was badly wounded in the Third Battle of Winchester, losing his leg.

Location of the monument

The monument is east of Gettysburg on the East Cavalry Battlefield. It is on the south side of Gregg Avenue just west of the S-curve and about 1100 feet west of Low Dutch Road.