The monument to Wisconsin’s Company G, First United States Sharpshooters is southwest of Gettysburg on the west side of Emmitsburg Road at the intersection with Sickles Avenue. (Emmitsburg Rd. & Sickles Ave. tour map) It was dedicated by the State of Wisconsin in 1888. A marker in the fields about 200 yards west of the monument shows the company’s location on July 2 during the battle. (Emmitsburg Rd. – Codori Farm tour map)
Colonel Hiram Berdan’s two regiments of sharpshooters were unique in the Union army, wearing different uniforms and using different weapons, equipment and tactics from the “line units”. The regiments were formed as United States Army units, but each company within the regiments was formed of recruits from a single state. After the war the states (Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont and Wisconsin) each erected monuments to their respective companies.
The 1st Regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Berdan until he took command of the brigade. Lieutenant Colonel Casper Trepp then took over.
The 1st Regiment as a whole brought 371 men to the field and lost 6 killed, 37 wounded and 6 missing.
From the monument:
Co. G – 1st Regt. – July 2, 1865.
Position held by the company was 200 yards
in advance of this monument.
Monument to the Wisconsin sharpshooters at Gettysburg
The main monument to the Wisconsin Sharpshooters is southwest of Gettysburg on the west side of Emmitsburg Road
at its intersection with Sickles Avenue. (39°48’29.0″N 77°14’39.8″W)
Position marker for the company
During the morning of July 2 suspicious Confederate activity on the west side of Emmitsburg Road led to Berdan’s Sharpshooters being deployed to “feel out” and delay what was eventually discovered to be Longstreet’s attack. The marker shows the position the Wisconsin sharpshooters advanced to at this time.
From the marker: