The monument to the 83rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment is south of Gettysburg on the south side of Little Round Top near Sykes Avenue. (Little Round Top tour map) It was dedicated in 1899 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The 83rd Pennsylvania was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Captain Orpheus S. Woodward while its colonel, Strong Vincent, was in command of the brigade.
On July 2nd Vincent’s brigade was intercepted by a staff officer desperately seeking men to cover the vital position of Little Round Top. On his own responsibility Vincent diverted the brigade to hold the hill. When part of the 16th Michigan began to fall back under heavy pressure Vincent mounted a boulder to rally them, shouting, “Don’t give an inch!” The line held but Vincent fell, badly wounded. He was moved to a nearby farm where he died five days later.
Pennsylvania governing board rules prohibited placing the likeness of commanders on regimental monuments, so the statue atop the monument is not identified and, officially, could be any heroic officer of the regiment. But it looks very much like Strong Vincent.
The statue is not an entirely accurate representation of Vincent on Little Round Top. He was not holding a sword but a riding crop, a memento from his pregnant wife, who was an accomplished horsewoman. After his death she gave birth to a daughter who died within the year and is buried next to her father.
A marker commemorating Colonel VIncent is nearby at the location where he was mortally wounded.
|Attached to the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac|
From the front of the monument:
The Brigade was hurried to
Little Round Top about 5 p.m.
of July 2d. This Regiment taking
position in front of this monument
and repulsing several desperate charges
of the enemy after which this Regiment
assisted in driving the enemy beyond,
and in taking possession of Big Round Top.
On the morning of the 3rd, rejoined the
Brigade on the left centre.
Present at Gettysburg 308 officers and men.
Killed 1 officer and 9 men.
Wounded 3 officers and 42 men.
83rd Penna Infantry
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps
From the right side of the monument:
Total Enrollment 2270
Killed and died of wounds 11 officers, 267 men
Died of disease, etc. 2 officers, 150 men
Wounded 29 officers, 485 men
From the left side of the monument:
Recruited in the Counties of
Erie, Crawford, and Forest.
Mustered in September 13th. 1861.
Re-enlisted December 27th. 1863.
Mustered out June 28th. 1865.
From the rear of the monument:
Yorktown, Hanover Court House,
Mechanicsville, Gaines Mill,
Malvern Cliffs, Malvern Hill,
2d Bull Run, Antietam,
Shepherdstown Ford, Fredericksburg,
Gettysburg, Jones’ Cross Roads,
Wapping Heights, Rappahannock Station,
Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania,
North Anna, Totopotomoy,
Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor,
Petersburg, Weldon Railroad,
Peebles’ Farm, Hatcher’s Run,
Dabney’s Mill, Boyoton Road, Five Forks,
Location of the monument to the 83rd Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
The monument to the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry is south of Gettysburg on the south slope of Little Round Top, about 22 yards west of Sykes Avenue and about 65 yards north of Warren Avenue. (39°47’23.9″N 77°14’13.1″W)