5th Corps Headquarters Flag Flag for the First Division, Fifth Corps
The flag of the 1st Division, 5th Corps was the corps symbol. a Maltese Cross, in red on a white background

 

The monument to the First Division of the Fifth Army Corps is south of Gettysburg on Sickles Avenue. (Tour map: Sickles Ave. at the Rose Woods)

It was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Brigaider General James Barnes (USMA ’29), a civil engineer and superintendent for a Massachusetts railroad.

Barnes did not do well at Gettysburg. While Vincent’s Third Brigade saved Little Round Top, it had been diverted from Barnes’ control. The two brigades he commanded performed poorly in the Wheatfield and he withdrew them from the fight without orders. Barnes was wounded in the leg at the end of the day and never returned to a field command.

Monument to the 1st Division of the 5th Corps of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg

From the monument:

Army of the Potomac
Fifth Corps 
First Division
Brig. General James Barnes

First Brigade Col. Wm. S. Tilton
Second Brigade Col. J. B. Sweitzer
Third Brigade Col. Strong Vincent
Col. Jas. C. Rice

July 2. Crossed Rock Creek in the morning and was massed on Baltimore Pike with the Corps until between 4 and 5 P. M. then moved to the left by command of Gen. Sykes to the support of Third Corps line. The Third Brigade in the advance hastened to take possession of Little Round Top. The First and Second Brigades crossed Plum Run and the Wheatfield to the further edge of the woods beyond near the Rose House. First Brigade was formed on the right of Second. These Brigades were more or less engaged until after sundown when with other troops on the line were compelled to retire to a line extending north from the summit of Little Round Top.

July 3. The Third Brigade was relieved by the First Brigade and joined Second Brigade north of Little Round Top. Remained in these positions until the close of the battle except reconnaissance to the front.

Casualties Killed 14 Officers 153 Men Wounded 55 Officers 539 Men Captured or Missing 1 Officer 142 Men Total 904

Union Brigadier General James Barnes

Union Brigadier General James Barnes