“Corn Exchange Regiment”

There are two momuments and a position marker to the 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers on the Gettysburg battlefield.

The original monument is on the northeast slope of Big Round Top (39.7874° N, 77.2388° W; Tour map: Big Round Top)

Monument to the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry on Little Round Top at Gettysburg

A marker showing the regiment’s second position on July 2 is along Wheatfield Road. (39.799101° N, 77.243613° W)

A second monument is in the Rose Woods off Sickles Avenue (39.79765° N, 77.24682° W; Tour map: Sickles Ave. at the Rose WoodsGoogle maps to all 118th Pennsylvania monuments)

The 118th Pennsylvania was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel James Gwyn. It was known as the Corn Exchange Regiment for the Philadelphia Corn Exchange (later the Commercial Exchange of Philadelphia), which raised the money for the regiment’s equipment and a $10 bonus for each recruit.

5th Corps Headquarters Flag Flag for the First Division, Fifth Corps


The monument on Big Round Top

The first monument erected to the 118th at Gettysburg was dedicated on September 8, 1884 by the Commercial Exchange of Philadelphia. It is on the northeast side of Big Round Top along the trail that leads from behind the 9th Massachusetts monument to the summit. It shows the regiment’s position on July 3 and 4.

The front of the granite monument is inscribed with cornstalks encircling the Maltese Cross symbol of the Fifth Corps. It is capped with a carved knapsack leaning on a pile of cannonballs.

From the front of the monument on Big Round Top:

Inscribed on the back of the pack:

118th Penna. Vol’s

From the top of the front of the monument:

Corn Exchange Reg’t

From the base of the front of the monument:

1st Brigade 1st Division 5th Corps
Army of the Potomac

Left side view of the Big Round Top monument, looking south

Left side view of the Big Round Top monument, looking south

From the left side:

Erected in their honor by the Commercial Exchange
formerly Corn Exchange of Philadelphia, and the
surviving members of the Regiment.


From the right side:

Engaged in advance of “Wheat Field” July 2,
and held this position July 3, and 4, 1863.


From the rear:

Mustered into service August 30, 1862
Mustered out June 1, 1865
Participated in 34 battles
Killed in battle 205
Died of wounds and disease 500
Missing in action 273
Original muster 960
Recruits 456
Final muster of original members 139

Monument to the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry on Wheatfield Road at Gettysburg

Monument on Wheatfield Avenue

The five and a half foot high granite marker waserected in 1886. It shows the second position of the regiment during the fighting on July 2 and shows where Captain Richard W. Davis was killed.

From the position marker:

2nd position of 118 P.V.
‘Corn Exchange Regt.’
July 2nd 1863.
1st Brig. 1st. Div. 5th Corps

Monument to the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry in the Rose Woods at Gettysburg

The monument in the Rose Woods

The regiment’s monument that is seen by the most visitors is in the Rose Woods on Sickles Avenue. It was dedicated by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania on September 12, 1889.

The granite monument stands about thirteen and a half feet high. It depicts a Union soldier standing on a pedastal, facing the attack made by Kershaw’s Confederate Brigade on the afternoon of July 2. The top of the pedastal has carved corn stalks on each side. The front of the monument has a large Maltese Cross symbol of the Fifth Corps underneath the Seal of the State of Pennsylvania.

From around the top of the monument on Sickles Avenue:

Corn Exchange
118th. Penna. Infantry
1st Brigade 1st Division 5th Corps

From the left side:

First Position July 2d
July 3rd on Big Round Top
Present at Gettysburg 332
Killed 3 Wounded 19 Captured or missing 3

From the right side:

Antietam to Appomattox
Total enrollment 1500
Killed and mortally wounded 136
Wounded 330
Captured or missing 290

From the rear:

Recruited in Philadelphia
Mustered in Aug. 30, 1862
Mustered out June 1, 1865.

The Big Round Top monument to the 118th Pennsylvania from the trail to the summit

The Big Round Top monument from the trail to the summit

See more on the 118th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War