Union monuments at Gettysburg > Pennsylvania > Cavalry 


The monument to the 1st Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry Regiment is south of Gettysburg on Hancock Avenue near the High Water Mark. (39.79793° N, 77.234628° W; Tour map: Hancock Avenue at The AngleGoogle maps to both monuments)

Monument to the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry at Gettysburg

The 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Colonel John P. Taylor. It brought 344 men to the field and suffered two men missing. Although normally assigned to the Second Division of the Cavalry Corps, at Gettysburg the regiment was attached to Army Headquarters except for Company H, which was detached as Sixth Army Corps headquarters escort.

From the front of the monument:

First Pennsylvania Cavalry
1 Brigade 2 Division Cavalry Corps
Army of the Potomac

Tablet from the monument to the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment at Gettysburg

From the tablet on the left side of the monument:

Mustered in July-Sept. 1861 Re-enlisted Jan-Feb. 1864. Consolidated with the 6 and 17 Penna. Cavalry to form the 2 Provisional Penna. Cavalry June 17, 1865. Mustered out August 7, 1865.

At the opening of the artillery fire on the afternoon of July 3 the Regiment was in line to the left and rear of this position with orders from General Meade to “charge the assaulting column should it succeed in breaking the infantry line in front.

Present at Gettysburg 30 officers and 388 men
Total enrollment 1500
Killed and died of wounds, officers 8, men 37
Wounded, officers 22, men 256
Died of disease etc., officers 2, men 106
Captured or missing, officers 4, men 102
Total casualties 537

From the tablet on the right side of the monument:

Recruited in Montgomery, Berks, Blair, Cumberland, Juniata, Mifflin, Centre, Clinton, Greene, Fayette, Washington and Allegheny Counties

Participated in 66 engagements among which are the following: Dranesville, Strasburg, Harrisonburg, Cross Keys, Cedar Mountain, Thoroughfare Gap, Gainesville, 2 Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Brandy Station, Aldie, Middleburg, Gettysburg, Shepherdstown, Muddy Run, Culpeper, Rapidan River, Sulphur Springs, Auburn, Bristoe Station, Mine Run, Todd’s Tavern, Davenport, Fortifications of Richmond, Hawes’ Shop, Cold Harbor, Trevillian Station, White House, St. Mary’s Church, Reams’ Station July 12, 1864, Malvern Hill, Charles City Cross Road, Reams’ Station August 26, 1864, Hatcher’s Run, Dinwiddie Court House, Paines’ Cross Roads, Amelia Springs, Sailor’s Creek, Farmville, Appomattox

Marker to Company H, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry

A marker for the regiment’s Company H, which operated independently of the main regiment during the Battle of Gettysburg, is located on the east side of Sedgwick Avenue. (39.81278° N, 77.23527° W; Tour map: Sedgwick Avenue)

Monument to Company H of the First Pennsylvania Cavalry, detached as headquarters guard for the Sixth Corps

Closeup of the monument to Company H, detached as headquarters guard for the Sixth Corps

From the Company H marker:

Co. H 1st Penn’a Cavalry

Arrived on field with Sixth Corps Headquarters July 2, 1863.

Killed – 1 man
—-
Detached from Regiment since Feb. 1863 on special
assignment at Headquarters of Sixth Army Corps
—-
Capt. Wm. S. Craft
commanding

1pa-cav-co-h_1147

Monument to Company H of the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry. The monument to Candy’s Brigade (1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Corps) is in the background.

See more on the history of the 1st Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry Regiment in the Civil War

Closeup of the statue from the monument to the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment at Gettysburg