“20th New York State Militia” – “Ulster Guard“
The monument to the 80th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, also known as the 20th New York State Militia, is west of Gettysburg on Reynolds Avenue. (39.831432° N, 77.251279° W; Tour map: South Reynolds Avenue) It was dedicated in 1888 by the State of New York.
A marker is south of town on Hancock Avenue showing the regiment’s position on July 2nd and 3rd and telling of its actions during Pickett’s Charge. (39.810234° N, 77.236076° W; Tour map: Hancock Avenue Part 3; Google maps to both monuments)
The regiment was a long-established New York militia unit when it volunteered for Federal service at the beginning of the Civil War. After several months of duty as the 20th New York State Militia it was redesigned as the 80th New York Volunteer Infantry to fit into New York’s newly created volunteer units. Like several other militia units, it protested this loss of identity as well as the assignment of a low-prestiege high number and continued to use its original designation whenever possible.
The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Theodore B. Gates. It brought 375 men to the field.
|See Colonel Gates’ Official Report on the 20th New York State Militia at Gettysburg|
From the front of the monument:
20th N.Y. State Militia
80th N.Y. Infantry.
1st Brig. 3d Div. 1st. Corps.
Organized 1851 at Kingston, N.Y. as 20th N.Y.S.M.
Apr. 28, 1861 Entered U.S. service for 3 months.
Sept. 5, 1861 Re-entered service for 3 years.
Sept. 5, 1864 Re-enlisted as veterans for the war.
Jan. 28, 1866 Mustered out of service.
From the rear of the monument:
Held substantially this position from about 12m. July 1st 1863 to 4 p.m.
July 2nd on Cemetery Hill in support of 3rd Corps.
July 3rd in front line of battle resisting Pickett’s attack.
Number engaged 375.
Killed 35, wounded 111, missing 24.
Fom the left side of the monument:
2d Bull Run
From the right side of the monument:
Marker on Hancock Avenue to the 80th New York Infantry
From the marker on Hancock Avenue (below right):
20th New York State Militia
(80th N.Y. Infantry)
From a position south of this point the 20th New York State Militia delivered a most destructive fire into the attacking southerners’ right flank. As the enemy infantry moved obliquely to the left, the New York Regiment advanced north along this line firing as they moved to the right. Occupying a new position near the copse of trees the Ulster Guard fought to repel Longstreet’s assault, finally charging a group of Confederates, driving them from the shelter of the slashing.
This Hand for Our Country
From the rear:
1st Brigade 3rd Division 1st Corps
Col. Theodore B. Gates Commanding Regiment
From the right side:
Major Walter A. Van Rensselaer was wounded near the slashing in a successful attempt to capture an enemy battle-flag.
From the left side:
Captain Ambrose N. Baldwin Co, K was mortally wounded in the final action near the Copse of Trees.
See more about the 20th New York State Militia (80th New York Volunteers) in the Civil War