There are two monuments and a company position marker to the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg.
The main monument is on the southeast side of Little Round Top. (39.789476° N , 77.236146° W; Tour map: Little Round Top) This marks the center of the line the regiment held during its famous defense of Little Round Top on July 2nd. It was dedicated in 1886 by the State of Maine. (Google maps to all three 20th Maine monuments)
A marker showing the position of the regiment’s Company B during the defense of Little Round Top is 100 yards to the east of the main monument. (39.788895° N, 77.234721° N) Captain Morrill and about 40 men of company B joined by a group of United States Sharpshooters were placed here to provide some protection to the flank of the 20th Maine.
A third monument to the 20th Maine is near the summit of Big Round Top (see next page).
Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, the 20th Maine’s commander at the Battle of Gettysburg, has become one the most famous men of the Civil War thanks to the novel The Killer Angels and the movie Gettysburg. He was wounded six times, earned the Medal of Honor, and went on after the war to serve as Governor of Maine and President of Bowdoin College.
The 20th Maine brought 386 men to the field, of whom 29 were killed, 91 wounded, and 5 missing. The names of the casualties are listed on the monument on Little Round Top (see below).
Colonel Chamberlain and Sergeant Andrew Tozier were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions on July 2nd. Chamberlain for “daring heroism and great tenacity in holding his position on the Little Round Top against repeated assaults, and carrying the advance position on the Great Round Top” Tozier who, “At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet.”
|Attached to the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac|
From the front of the main monument on Little Round Top:
Third Brig. First Div.
From the right side of the main monument on Little Round Top:
Here the 20th Maine Regiment, Col. J.L. Chamberlain commanding, forming the extreme left of the national line of battle on the 2nd day of July 1863, repulsed the attack of the extreme right of Longstreet’s Corps and charged in turn, capturing 308 prisoners. The regiment lost 38 killed or mortally wounded and 93 wounded out of 358 engaged.
This monument erected by survivors of this regiment A.D. 1888. Marks very nearly the spot where the colors stood.
From the left side of the main monument:
Names of the officers and men of the Twentieth Maine Volunteers who were killed or died of wounds received in this action:
Capt. Charles W. Billings Co. C
1 Lieut. Arad H. Linscott ” I
2nd Lieut. Warren L. Kendall ” G
Corp. Joseph D.Simpson ” A
Priv. John Reed Jr. ” A
1st Serg. Issac W. Estes ” C
Priv. Elliott L. Fogg ” C
” Moses Davis ” C
” Oliver L. Stevens ” C
” Charles M. Beadle ” C
Corp. Willard Pinkham ” D
” Andrew D. Maybury ” D
Priv. Stephen A. Prescott ” D
Corp. Paschal M. Tripp ” F
” John Foss ” F
” William S. Hodgdon ” F
Priv. Seth W. Clark ” F
” John Wentworth ” F
From the rear of the main monument:
Priv. Oscar Wyer Co. F
” Charles F. Hall ” F
” Benjamin W. Grant ” F
” Frank B. Curtis ” F
” Elfin J. Ross ” F
Serg. William S. Jordan ” G
Corp. Melville C. Law ” G
Priv. James A. Knight ” G
1st Serg. Charles W. Steele ” H
Serg.George W. Buck ” H
” Isaac M. Lathrop ” H
Priv. Aaaron Adams ” H
” Goodwin S. Ireland ” H
” Iredell Lamson ” H
” Alexander E. Lester ” I
1st Serg. George S. Noyes ” K
Priv. James R. Merrill ” K
” William F. Merrill ” K
” Stephen C. Chase ” K
” Williard W. Buxton ” K
From the monument to Company B on Little Round Top:
Position of Company B,
20th Me. Vols., Capt. Walter G. Morrill,
detached as skirmishers,
attacking the enemy’s right flank,
afternoon of July 2, 1863.
See more about the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War