Union monuments at Gettysburg > New York > Infantry

“Courtland County Regiment”

The monument to the 76th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment is west of Gettysburg on Reynolds Avenue at its intersection with Wadsworth and Buford Avenues. (Reynolds Avenue North tour map) It was dedicated by the State of New York on July 1, 1888.

A marker showing the regiment’s position on July 2nd and 3rd is southeast of Gettysburg on Culp’s Hill. (Culp’s Hill North tour map)

About the Monument to the 76th New York

The monument is made of Quincy granite and stands about 14′ tall. It is topped by the regimental number in a circle, symbol of the First Corps. A bronze tablet of the Seal of the State of New York is set into the base of the front of the monument.

The 76th New York Regiment at Gettysburg

The 76th New York was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Major Andrew J. Glover. He was killed in the first few minutes of fighting on July 1st and Captain John E. Cook took command.

The 76th was was the lead Union infantry regiment at the Battle of Gettysburg, arriving in midmorning and advancing across the fields from Emmitsburg Road and past the Seminary to the location of the monument. It was here that it met Davis’ Confederate Brigade advancing from the west and opened fire, just a little after its companion 56th Pennsylvania.

After only twenty minutes the 76th was pulled back, having lost more than half its strenght. It rallied at the railroad cut, but the collapse of the Union defensive line at the end of the afternoon forced its retreat through town to Cemetery Hill. It was then posted to Culp’s Hill for the rest of the battle, where a position marker stands today,

1st Corps Headquarters Flag 1C-1D
Side view of the monument to the 76th New York at Gettysburg

The main monument, looking northeast from the northern end of Reynolds Avenue. Wadsworth Avenue heads into the woods along Oak Ridge.

From the front of the monument:

76th New York Infantry,
2d Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps

From the rear of the monument:

Fire opened here,
July 1st, 1863,
at 10 a.m.
Second stand at R.R. cut.
Third at Culp’s Hill
July 2nd and 3rd.

Side view of the monument to the 76th New York at Gettysburg

Side view of the monument, looking north at the end of Reynolds Avenue. Wadsworth Avenue heads right and Buford Avenue left and then ahead to the Peace Memorial visible on Oak Hill.

From the right side of the monument:

Regiment raised at Courtland and Cherry Valley, N.Y.
Mustered in Oct. 4, 1861.
Participated in 25 engagements consolidated with 147th N.Y. Inf’y Dec. 31, 1864.

From the left side of the monument:

Number engaged 348
Casualties, Killed 32, Wounded 132, Missing 70.

Location of the main monument

The main monument to the 76th New York is west of Gettysburg on the east side of Reynolds Avenue, just south of Wadsworth and Buford Avenues. (39°50’23.7″N 77°14’48.2″W)

Position Marker on Culp’s Hill

Marker to the 76th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment on Culp's Hill at Gettysburg

Marker showing the regiment’s position on Culp’s Hill

From the marker on Culp’s Hill:

76. N.Y. Inf.
July 2d & 3d

Location of the position marker

The marker on Culp’s Hill showing the position of the 76th New York on July 2 and 3 is southeast of Gettysburg on the north side of the turnaround on the summit of Culp’s Hill. (39°49’13.1″N 77°13’13.0″W)

See more on the 76th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War