“Courtland County Regiment”
The monument to the 76th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment is west of Gettysburg on Reynolds Avenue at its intersection with Wadsworth and Buford Avenues. (39.839928° N, 77.246713° W; Tour map: Reynolds Avenue North) It was dedicated by the State of New York on July 1, 1888.
About the Monument to the 76th New York
The monument is made of Quincy granite and stands about 14′ tall. It is topped by the regimental number in a circle, symbol of the First Corps. A bronze tablet of the Seal of the State of New York is set into the base of the front of the monument.
The 76th New York Regiment at Gettysburg
The 76th New York was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Major Andrew J. Glover. He was killed in the first few minutes of fighting on July 1st and Captain John E. Cook took command.
The 76th was was the lead Union infantry regiment at the Battle of Gettysburg, arriving in midmorning and advancing across the fields from Emmitsburg Road and past the Seminary to the location of the monument. It was here that it met Davis’ Confederate Brigade advancing from the west and opened fire, just a little after its companion 56th Pennsylvania.
After only twenty minutes the 76th was pulled back, having lost more than half its strenght. It rallied at the railroad cut, but the collapse of the Union defensive line at the end of the afternoon forced its retreat through town to Cemetery Hill. It was then posted to Culp’s Hill for the rest of the battle, where a position marker stands today,
From the front of the monument:
76th New York Infantry,
2d Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps
From the rear:
Fire opened here,
July 1st, 1863,
at 10 a.m.
Second stand at R.R. cut.
Third at Culp’s Hill
July 2nd and 3rd.
From the right side:
Regiment raised at Courtland and Cherry Valley, N.Y.
Mustered in Oct. 4, 1861.
Participated in 25 engagements consolidated with 147th N.Y. Inf’y Dec. 31, 1864.
From the left side:
Number engaged 348
Casualties, Killed 32, Wounded 132, Missing 70.
From the marker on Culp’s Hill:
76. N.Y. Inf.
July 2d & 3d
See more on the 76th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War