The monument to the 1st Massachusetts Infantry is south of Gettysburg on Emmitsburg Road across from Sickles Avenue. (39.808728° N, 77.243707° W; Google maps for both monuments; Tour map: Emmitsburg Rd. & Sickles Ave.) It was erected on June 30th and dedicated by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on July 2nd, 1886.
A marker shows the position of the regiment’s skirmish line 200 yards west of the main monument, on the path to the State of Virginia monument. (39.809535° W, 77.245796° W; Monument map: Emmitsburg Rd. – Codori Farm) It was erected in 1913 by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
About the 1st Massachusetts monument
The 9′ wide base of the granite monument supports the diamond symbol of the Third Corps, standing a total of 13′ 3″ high . The front of the diamond has a relief of a skirmisher climbing over a split rail fence. The 1st Massachusetts maintained a skirmish line on the army’s front on July 2nd. At the time of the battle the Rogers house stood just to the south of the monument; the yard where the monument is located was the location for the skirmish reserve.
The 1st Massachusetts at Gettysburg
The regiment was commanded during the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Clark B. Baldwin, a Boston merchant. It brought 384 men to the field, losing 16 killed, 83 wounded and 21 missing. The regiment was attached to the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps.
|Corporal Nathaniel M. Allen of Company B earned the Medal of Honor at Gettysburg. “When his regiment was falling back, this soldier, bearing the national color, returned in the face of the enemy’s fire, pulled the regimental flag from unpder the body of its bearer, who had fallen, saved the flag from capture, and brought both colors off the field.”|
See Lt. Colonel Baldwin’s Official Report on the 1st Massachusetts in the Gettysburg Campaign
From the front of the main monument:
First Mass. Infantry
From the rear:
On July 2, 1863 from 11 a.m. until 6:30 p.m. the First Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Lieut. Col. Clark B. Baldwin commanding occupied this spot in support of its skirmish line 80 feet in advance. The regiment subsequently took position in the brigade line and was engaged until the close of the action.
First Brig. Second Div. Third Corps
From the marker for the skirmish line:
Right of the Skirmish line
First Massachusetts Infantry
Left resting on Spangler’s Lane
11 a.m. to 6.30 p.m. July 2, 1863
Loss on skirmish line
Killed 8, Died of wounds 2,
Wounded 32, Prisoners 10
See more on the 1st Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War.