Union Headquarters monuments > 3rd Corps


There are two monuments to the 2nd Division of the Third Army Corps. Both are south of Gettysburg, one at the Klingel Farm (Tour map: Emmitsburg Road) and the other in the Peach Orchard. (Tour map: Peach Orchard)

Monuments to the 2nd Division, 3rd Corps of the Army of the Potomac on the Gettysburg battlefield

3rd Corps Headquarters Flag The 2nd Division was attached to the 3rd Corps of the Army of the Potomac 3C-2D

From the Peach Orchard monument:

Army of the Potomac
Third Corps 
Second Division 
Brig. General Andrew A. Humphreys

First Brigade Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Carr
Second Brigade Col. William R. Brewster
Third Brigade Col. George C. Burling

July 2. Arrived about 1 A. M. and bivouacked for the night. In the morning took position between Birney’s Division on the left and the Second Corps facing Emmitsburg Road. Between 2 and 3 P. M. advanced to the Emmitsburg Road. Carr’s Brigade at first in line along the road Brewster’s Brigade in reserve. Burling’s Brigade at first in reserve and then except the 5th New Jersey sent to Gen. Birney. The Division was attacked by McLaws’ and Anderson’s Divisions and by sunset was compelled to retire to the first position occupied where it reformed on the left of Second Corps and drove back the Confederate forces beyond the Emmitsburg Road and recovered the artillery that had been abandoned and captured many prisoners and held the position during the night.

July 3. About sunrise moved to the rear and left and was supplied with rations and ammunition. Burling’s Brigade joined the Division moved to different points in rear of the First Second Fifth and some Sixth Corps in support of threatened positions. Suffered some loss in the afternoon from Confederate artillery.

Casualties Killed 28 Officers 286 Men Wounded 140 Officers 1422 Men Captured or Missing 2 Officers 214 Men Total 2092

The division was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Brigadier General Andrew A. Humphreys (USMA ’31), a career army officer from Philadelphia.

 

Monument to the 2nd Division, 3rd Corps of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg

2nd Division monument at the Klingle Farm along Emmittsburg Road

From the monument at the Klingle Farm:

Army of the Potomac
Third Corps
Second Division 
Brigadier General Andrew A. Humphreys

July 1. This Division was at Emmitsburg. Shortly after 3 P. M. marched by indirect route about two miles west of main road to Gettysburg leaving Burling’s Brigade.

July 2. Arrived at 1 A. M. and massed on Cemetery Ridge between Birney’s Division on the left and 2d Corps. Burling’s Brigade rejoined. Between 2 and 3 P. M. formed line of battle along the Emmitsburg Road to resist attack on Union left its right opposite left of Caldwell’s Division 2d Corps its left joining Birney’s Division. Carr’s Brigade on the right Brewster’s Brigade massed on the left centre Burling’s Brigade in Reserve until sent to General Birney. The Confederates made demonstrations on the Division front which remained in position after the 5th and 6th Corps had arrived on the Union left until about 6 P. M. when McLaws’ Division following the Confederate oblique order of battle broke Birney’s line at the Peach Orchard uncovering the left of Humphreys who changed front to connect with 2d and 5th Corps troops in the Wheatfield. That line enfiladed by the enemy fell back across Plum Run while Humphreys outflanked by McLaws’ Division and pressed by Anderson’s Division Hill’s Corps gradually retired to Cemetery Ridge reformed on 2d Corps left and drove the Confederates beyond the Emmitsburg Road recovering abandoned artillery capturing many prisoners and holding the advanced position during the night.

July 3. Division moved to different points in the rear of the 1st 2d 5th and 6th Corps supporting threatened positions.

Casualties Killed 28 Officers 286 Men Wounded 140 Officers 1422 Men Captured or Missing 2 Officers 214 men Total 2092

 

Union Brigadier General Andrew A. Humphreys

Union Brigadier General Andrew A. Humphreys