Union Monuments at Gettysburg > Massachusetts


The main monument to the 12th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment is northwest of Gettysburg on Oak Ridge along Doubleday Avenue. (39.843697° N, 77.242068° W; Tour map: Doubleday & Robinson AvenuesGoogle maps to all three monuments)

A marker on Hancock Avenue south of the State of Pennsylvania monument shows the regiment’s location during the fighting on July 2nd (39.806708° N, 77.235107° W; Tour map: Hancock Avenue Part 2).

A second marker in Ziegler’s Grove (39.817187° N, 77.233412° W; Tour map: Taneytown Road) shows the regiment’s location on July 3rd during Pickett’s Charge.

Monument to the 12th Massachusetts Infantry at Gettysburg

About the monument to the 12th Massachusetts

The granite marker stands 10′ 9″ high, and is in the form of a cylinder on a square base with beveled corners dislaying the full moon symbol of the First Corps. A carved flag is draped around the top of the cylinder above a relief of Daniel Webster.

The equipment at the base of the monument is an empty cartridge case and bayonet scabbard. It commemorates that for a time on the afternoon of July 1st the regiment ran out of ammunition and held its position with fixed bayonets alone. The monument was dedicated on October 8, 1885 by the State of Massachusetts.

The regiment was named after its first colonel, Fletcher Webster, and in honor of his father, Daniel Webster. There is a monument to Colonel Webster on the Manassas battlefield where he was mortally wounded in the Second Battle of Bull Run.

The 12th Massachusetts at Gettysburg

The 12th Massachusetts was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Colonel James L. Bates, the owner of a boot and shoe company in Weymouth. He was wounded on July 1st and Lieutenant Colonel David Allen, Jr., a carpenter from Gloucester, took over. The 12th brought 301 men to the field, losing 5 killed, 52 wounded and 62 missing.

1st Corps Headquarters Flag Attached to the 2nd Brigade2nd Division1st Corps, Army of the Potomac 1C-2D

 

Detail from the front of the monument to the 12th Massachusetts at Gettysburg

Details from the front of the monument include a cartridge box, sling and bayonet scabbard.

From the front of the main monument:

12th Mass. Vols.
2nd Brig. 2nd Div. 1st Corps

From the circle around the bust of Webster:

Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable

Detail from the front of the monument to the 12th Massachusetts at Gettysburg

From the back of the monument:

Erected by survivors of the Regiment aided by its friends and the State of Massachusetts 1885.

Webster 61
Bates 64

From the left side of the monument:

July 1, 1863.

From the right side of the monument:

Webster Reg’t

Hancock Avenue marker for the 12th Massachusetts

Hancock Avenue marker for the 12th Massachusetts

From the Hancock Avenue marker:

July 2, 1863
12th Massachusetts
Webster Reg’t.
2nd Brig. 2nd Div. 1st Corps

Marker for the 12th Massachusetts Infantry at Gettysburg

From the Ziegler’s Grove marker:

July 3, 1863
12th Massachusetts
Webster Reg’t.
2nd Brig. 2nd Div. 1st Corps

Marker for the 12th Massachusetts Infantry in Ziegler's Grove

Looking east across the nearly deserted parking lots after the removal of the old Cyclorama in Ziegler’s Grove at Gettysburg.
On the far side of the parking lot on the left are the State of Maryland and State of Delaware monuments.

See more on the history of the 12th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War