Buford Avenue is named for Union Brigadier General John Buford, who began the battle at Gettysburg by blocking the advance of Confederate General Henry Heth's Division with his cavalry. (General Buford's statue is not on Buford Avenue; it is south along Chambersburg Road.) The avenue is just a small part of the line held by Buford's troopers on the morning of July 1st.
Buford Avenue is part of the National Park Auto Tour. It begins in the south at the intersection of Reynolds and Wadsworth Avenues and heads north (one-way) toward Mummasburg Road.