The monument to the 142nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment is west of Gettysburg on Reynolds Avenue. (39.83274° N, 77.25083° W; Google map; Tour map: South Reynolds Avenue) It was dedicated in 1889 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The 142nd Pennsylvania was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Colonel Robert P. Cummins. He was mortally wounded on July 1st and died on the 2nd. Lieutenant Colonel Alfred B. McCalmont took command when Cummins fell.
|See Lt. Colonel McCalmont’s Official Report on the 142nd Pennsylvania for July 2nd and 3rd at Gettysburg|
From the monument:
142d Pennsylvania Infantry
1st Brigade 3d Division 1st Corps
From the rear:
Present at Gettysburg 336 officers and men.
Killed & died of wounds 4 officers 27 men
Wounded 10 officers 100 men
Captured or missing 2 officers 68 men
Total loss 211
Total enrollment 995
Total loss 809
Killed & died of wounds 7 officers & 133 men
Wounded 21 officers 409 men
Died of disease etc. 81 men
Captured or missing 2 officers 156 men
July 1 a.m. Marched from Emmitsburg reaching the field via Willoughby Run. Formed line facing northward. Occupied this position. Charged to support artillery. Reformed here and engaged a Brigade composed of the 11, 26 , 47, and 52 N.C. Infantry. In the afternoon outflanked and retired firing to a position near the Seminary. Here engaged a Brigade composed of the 1, 12, 13, and 14 S.C. Infantry. After a gallant fight again outflanked & retired to Cemetery Hill.
July 2. In position at Cemetery Hill.
July 3. Moved half a mile to the left and exposed to the artillery fire of the enemy.
Recruited in Mercer, Westmoreland, Somerset, Union, Monroe, Pike, Fayette, Venango & Lucerne Counties
Mustered in Aug. 1862
Mustered out May 29, 1865
Poplar Springs Church
See more about the 142nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War