The monument to the 6th New York Independent Battery is south of Gettysburg on the west side of Emmitsburg road north of the Leister Farm. (39.815551° N, 77.232205° W ; Google map; Tour map: Taneytown Road) It was dedicated in 1891 by the State of New York.
The battery was commanded by Captain Joseph W. Martin. It brought 130 men to the field serving six 3″ Ordnance Rifles. It was in reserve for the battle, suffering 1 man wounded.
The Sixth New York was trained and equipped as horse artillery, sometmes referred to as a “flying battery.” Unlike standard artillery batteries where artillerymen generally walked alongside their pieces, each man in a horse artllery battery was mounted. This was for speed and mobility, and all Union horse artillery batteries were equipped with the lighter 3″ Ordnance Rifles. Most horse artillery batteries wth the Army of the Potomac were U.S. Regulars; the Sixth New York was one of only two volunteer batteries trained as horse artillery. The battery was assigned to the 1st Brigade Horse Artillery, Cavalry Corps.
From the front of the monument:
6th Independent Battery
New York Artillery
From the base of the sides:
1st Brig. Horse Artillery
From the rear:
Occupied this position July 3rd, 1863.
Mustered into service July 15th, 1861
Mustered out of service July 8th, 1865
See more on the 6th New York Independent Battery in the Civil War