The monument to the 20th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment is south of Gettysburg in the Rose Woods, just northwest of the Devil’s Den on Cross Avenue at the intersection with Sickles and Ayers Avenues. (39.79486° N, 77.242765° W; Google map; Tour map: Ayers Avenue – Loop) It was erected in 1885 by the State of Indiana.
The 20th Indiana was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Colonel John Wheeler, a Crown Point newspaper editor. Wheeler was killed on July 2nd in the fighting in the Rose Woods when he was shot in the temple. Lieutenant Colonel William C.L. Taylor took over until he was wounded, when command fell to Captain Erasmus C. Gilbreath.
The 20th Indiana brought 496 men to the field, of whom 32 were killed, 114 wounded and 10 missing.
Private Oliver P. Rood of company B was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Gettysburg on July 3rd for the Capture of the flag of 21st North Carolina Infantry.
From the monument:
20th Regt. Indiana Volunteer Infantry July 2nd, 1863.
Col. John Wheeler killed near by.
See more about the history of the 20th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War