There are two monuments to the 27th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment on the Gettysburg battlefield. The main monument is near Ayers Avenue in The Wheatfield. (Ayers Avenue – Wheatfield Tour map)
The 27th Connecticut Infantry at Gettysburg
The 27th Connecticut was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Henry Merwin, a New Haven businessman. He was mortally wounded during the charge across the Wheatfield July 2. Major James H. Coburn then took command.
The 27th Connecticut had been reduced to two companies totaling 75 men at Gettysburg after most of the regiment had been captured at Chancellorsville in May. At Gettysburg it lost a further 10 killed, 23 wounded and 4 missing – a casualty rate of almost 50%.
Raised for nine months service, the survivors of the 27th mustered out at the end of its term three weeks after the battle on July 27.
From the monument in The Wheatfield:
The 27th Regt. Conn. Vols. commanded by Lieut. Colonel Henry C. Merwin, and forming a part of the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps charged over this ground, the afternoon of July 2, 1863.
The 4th Brigade forced the enemy from the Wheat Field and beyond the woods in front where the advanced position of the 27th Regt. is indicated by a tablet on the crest of the ledge.
On this spot Lieut. Col. Merwin was killed while gallantly leading his command of 75 officers and men. 38 of whom were killed or wounded in the charge. Eight companies of the Regt. captured at Chancellorsvile were still prisoners of war.
Capt. Jedediah Chapman Jr. was also killed in the charge while commanding a company organized from detached members of the eight companies taken prisoners at Chancellorsville.
The 27th Regt. Conn. Vols. was recruited and organized in New Haven County State of Connecticut.
July 2, 1863
From the front of the Brooke Avenue monument:
7th Conn. Vol’s.
4th Brigade. 1st Division. 2nd Corps.
Advanced position of this regiment in the Brigade charge July 2nd 1863
27th Conn. Infantry
From the back of the monument:
Erected by the Commonwealth of Connecticut
As a Memorial to the Valor of Her Loyal Sons
See more on the 27th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War
The monument in the Wheatfield is 85 yards northwest of Ayers Avenue and 90 yards south of Wheatfield Road. (39°47’49.5″N 77°14’29.6″W)
The monument in the Rose Woods is south of Gettysburg on Brooke Avenue. Brooke Avenue is one way west and north, and must be entered from the east on Cross Avenue via Sickles or Ayers Avenues. (39°47’43.3″N 77°14’49.5″W)