Union Headquarters monuments > 5th Corps 


5th Corps Headquarters Flag 5C-3D
The Third Division flag is the corps symbol, a Maltese Cross, in blue on a white background.

 

The monument to the 3rd Division of the 5th Corps is south of Gettysburg on Crawford Avenue. (Tour map: Crawford Avenue & J. Weickert Farm) It was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Brigadier General Samuel W. Crawford, a medical doctor from Pennsylvania who joined the army as a surgeon. Crawford is honored by a nearby monument at Gettysburg.

Crawford was the surgeon for the Fort Sumter garrison during its bombardment by the Confederates at the start of the war, and commanded several pieces of artillery that returned fire. He apparently enjoyed being able to shoot back and transferred to field command, which led to command of an infantry brigade in early 1862, and brief command of a division at Antietam, where he was wounded.

Crawford returned from convalescence to take over the famed Pennsylvania Reserves Division, who had been commanded by both Reynolds and Meade earlier in the war. They had been badly worn down in 1862 and sent to the rear in the Washington defences. With the emergency of Lee’s invasion Crawford and two brigades of the Reserves (the division’s Second Brigade was left at Washington), both coming off six months of light duty and not fully battle-ready, were attached to the Fifth Corps.

Crawford led his divison from the north slopes of Little Round Top in a counterattack that pushed Confederate forces back across Plum Run and into the Wheatfield. The Confederate assault had run its course by this time and Crawford’s counterattack met only light resistance.

Monument to the 3rd Division of the 5th Corps of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg

Union Brigadier General Samuel W. Crawford

From the monument:

Army of the Potomac
Fifth Corps
Third Division
Brig. General Samuel W. Crawford

First Brigade William McCandless
Third Brigade Col. Joseph W. Fisher

July 2. Moved to Little Round Top late in the day and went into position on the right of the Wheatfield Road. On the retreat of the troops from the Wheatfield in front after sunset the First Brigade was advanced against the pursuing forces and drove them across Plum Run marsh and beyond the stone wall and into the Wheatfield. The Third Brigade was sent to the left to take possession of Round Top.

July 3. The First Brigade remained in position until about 5 P. M. and then advanced across the Wheatfield and through the woods beyond and on the left capturing many prisoners. The Confederates retired to the crest of the ridge they originally formed on. These positions were held until the close of the battle.

Casualties Killed 3 Officers 23 Men Wounded 17 Officers 164 Men Captured or Missing 3 Men Total 231

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