The monument to the 1st Brigade of the 3rd Division of the 11th Army Corps is north of Gettysburg on Howard Avenue. (Tour map: Howard Avenue West)
The brigade was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Brigadier General Alexander Schimmelfennig, a Prussian Army officer who had fought against the Prussians in the 1848 revolution. During the retreat through Gettysburg on July 1st Schimmelfennig was trapped by Confederates and forced to hide in the yard of the Garlach House on Baltimore Street. Colonel George Von Amsberg took over the brigade for the rest of the battle.
From the marker:
July 1. Arrived 1 P. M. and advanced to connect with the right of First Corps on Oak Hill but was met by heavy artillery and musketry fire and after being engaged between two and three hours and pressed closely upon the front and flank by superior numbers the Brigade was compelled to retire with the Corps at 4 P. M. through the town to Cemetery Hill. The streets and alleys of the town became congested with the mass of infantry and artillery and many were captured. The Brigade formed and took position on Cemetery Hill between the First and Second Divisions of the corps.
July 2. At 4 P. M. the Brigade was subjected to a heavy artillery fire converging on Cemetery Hill. At dark a sudden attack was made on the right and the Brigade was sent to the support of Brig. Gen. A. Ames and returned after midnight except the 74th Penna. which remained under the command of Brig. Gen. Ames.
July 3. Skirmishing not engaged.
Casualties Killed 8 Officers 50 Men Wounded 20 Officers 276 Men Captured or Missing 28 Officers 425 Men Total 807