The monument to Brigadier General Gouverneur Kemble Warren is south of Gettysburg on Little Round Top.(39.792516° N, 77.236683° W; Google map; Tour map: Little Round Top) It was erected in 1888 by veterans of the 5th New York Infantry Regiment, which was Warren’s first command during the war.
General Warren (U.S.M.A. ’50) was Chief Engineer of the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Gettysburg. His bronze statue stands atop the boulder that he is said to have stood on during the battle. A bronze tablet is set into the side of the boulder, and “Warren” is carved into the stone.
As Longstreet’s attack developed on July 2nd Warren reached this point and discovered Little Round Top was unoccupied except for a small Signal Corps detachment. Recognizing the importance of the position and on his own authority he found Vincent’s and Weed’s brigades and diverted them to what became the desperate but successful defense of Little Round Top.
Warren was wounded on Little Round Top, nicked in the throat, but he stayed on the field and attended Meade’s council of war that night in the Leister farmhouse.
After Gettysburg Warren was given command of the 5th Corps, which he led through the bloody Overland Campaign and through the Siege of Petersburg. At the Battle of Five Forks he was relieved of command by General Sheridan, whose “smash ’em up” command style was the opposite of Warren’s methodical engineer personality. Warren spent the rest of his life trying to clear his name and insisted upon being buried in civilian clothes and without military honors.
From the tablet on the boulder:
Led to this spot by his military sagacity on July 2, 1863
General Gouverneur Kemble Warren
then Chief Engineer of the Army of the Potomac detected General Hood’s flanking movement and by promptly assuming the responsibility of ordering troops to this place saved the key of the Union position.
Promoted for gallant services from the command of a regiment in 1861, through successive grades to the command of the 2nd Army Corps in 1863, and permanently assigned to that of the 5th Army Corps in 1864.
Major General Warren needs no eulogy.
His name is enshrined in the hearts of his countrymen.
This statue is erected under the auspices of the veteran organization of his old regiment, the 5th New York Vols. Duryee Zouaves in memory of their beloved commander.
Dedicated August 8th 1888
See more on Gouverneur Kemble Warren
“Everyone who today climbs to the crest of Little Round Top sees the larger than life statue of G. K. Warren, erected by the survivors of his first command. Few visitors, however, know that he was wounded there on that hot July afternoon, that he later was responsible for a meticulously exact map of the battlefield, that in spite of his success in Pennsylvania he was relieved of duty at Five Forks, Virginia, less than two years later and spent the remainder of his life trying to salvage his good name.
Jordan’s book is an honest and revealing look at one of the lesser known but nonetheless significant military leaders of the war. The author’s background as an attorney does influence his presentation,providing some analysis that readers may or may not accept. But this book does sit well along side his other Civil war biography on General Winfield Scott Hancock.” (review on Amazon)