Union monuments at Gettysburg > Vermont

The monument to the 16th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment is south of Gettysburg on Hancock Avenue. (Hancock Avenue Part 2 tour map)

Monument to the 16th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg

Looking east from Hancock Avenue. In the distance on the right are the monuments to the 4th New York Cavalry and (farthest right) the 124th New York Infantry

About the monument to the 16th Vermont

The granite monument stands just over 9′ tall. The front features a relief of a United States Shield overlaid with the regiment’s information. A brass tablet at the base of the monument is inscribed with the regiment’s actions at Gettysburg.

The monument was originally dedicated in September of 1892 by the State of Vermont, placed in the Codori thicket about 1000 feet west of the monument’s present location. This was where the regiment attacked Wilcox’s Brigade in the aftermath of Pickett’s Charge on July 3rd. In 1901 the monument was relocated to the current, more visible and accessible location.

The 16th Vermont at the Battle of Gettysburg

Colonel Wheelock G. Veazey commanded the 16th Vermont at the Battle of Gettysburg. The regiment brought 661 men to the field, losing 16 killed, 102 wounded and 1 missing. It had spent most of its nine month enlistment in the Washington defences and guarding rail lines. The 16th was ordered to join the Army of the Potomac on June 25th, and reached Gettysburg on the evening of the 1st of July.

The regiment performed well in counterattacking the Confederate assault on the afternoon of July 2nd. But its most brilliant action was during Pickett’s Charge on the 3rd. As Kemper’s Virginians angled north toward the Copse of Trees the 16th swung out from its position on Cemetery Ridge and tore into their flank. Then the regiment turned around and attacked the flank of Perry’s Florida Brigade, which had been sent to support Pickett.

Like the rest of the Second Vermont Brigade, the 16th was back in Vermont and mustered out to civilian life within a few weeks.

The Medal of honor as it looked at the time of the Civil War Colonel Wheelock Veazey earned the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3rd. The citation reads: “Rapidly assembled his regiment and charged the enemy’s flank; charged front under heavy fire, and charged and destroyed a Confederate brigade, all this with new troops in their first battle.”
1st Corps Headquarters Flag 1C-3D
The 16th Vermont monument with the State of Pennsylvania monument in the distance

The 16th Vermont monument at sunset with the State of Pennsylvania monument in the distance

From the monument:

16th Vermont Infantry,
Colonel W. G. Veazey commanding

First Army Corps
July 1-2-3-1863

Participated near this point in action of July 2nd
Picketed this line that night – held same as skirmishers
until attacked by Pickett’s Division, July 3rd.
Rallied here and assaulted his flank to the right 400
yards – then changing front charged left flank of Wilcox’s
and Perry’s brigades. At this point captured many hundred prisoners and two stands of colors

The point to which the above inscription refers
is south 58 degrees, west 1000 feet
from this monument
and near the northerly end of the Codori thicket

Location of the monument

The monument to the 16th Vermont Infantry is south of Gettysburg on the east side of Hancock Avenue about 190 yards north of Pleasonton Avenue. (39°48’32.9″N 77°14’11.6″W)