(31st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment)
The monument to the 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves is south of Gettysburg on Ayers Avenue at the eastern edge of The Wheatfield. (Ayers Avenue – Wheatfield tour map) It was dedicated in 1890 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel George A. Woodward.
|Attached to the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac|
From the front of the monument:
2nd Pennsylvania Reserves
Mustered in May 27, 1861
Mustered out June 16, 1864
Recruited at Philadelphia
From the south side of the monument:
July 2nd in the evening charged from the hill in rear to this position and held it until the afternoon of July 3d when the Brigade advanced through the woods to the front and left driving the enemy and capturing many prisoners.
From the north side of the monument:
Present at Gettysburg
24 officers and 243 men
Killed and died of wounds, 9 men
Wounded 2 offices and 25 men
Captured or missing 1 man
Total enrollment 850
Killed and died of wounds 4 officers 82 men.
Died of disease etc. 2 ” 62 ”
Wounded 21 ” 176 ”
Captured or missing 5 ” 48 ”
Total casualties 400
From the east side of the monument:
Mechanicsville, Gaines Mill, Glendale
or New Market Crossroads, Malvern Hill,
Groveton, 2d Bull Run, South Mountain,
Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg,
Bristoe Station, Rappahannock Station,
Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania,
North Anna, Totopotomoy, Bethesda Church.
See more about the history of the 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves in the Civil War
Location of the monument to the 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves at Gettysburg
The monument to the 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves is south of Gettysburg on the east side of Ayers Avenue about 150 yards south of Wheatfield Road. (39°47’46.6″N 77°14’28.3″W)