A position marker on the north side of Culp’s Hill shows the position of the regiment on July 2 and 3. (39.820164° N, 77.221613° W; Tour maps: Steven’s Knoll or Culp’s Hill North; Google map to both 6th Wisconsin monuments)
About the monument to the 6th Wisconsin Infantry
The monument is made of red granite and stands about 11′ 7″ tall. The five-sided symbol at the top represents the Iron Brigade. The circle on the front is the symbol of the Union First Army Corps. Other symbols include an eagle over crossed flags (right, or south side), crossed rifles behind a knapsack (front), and the Wisconsin state seal (left, or north side). The monument’s material and symbols are identical and its design is very similar to that of the monument to the 7th Wisconsin.
The monument was dedicated by the State of Wisconsin on June 30th, 1888. It originally stood about 50 feet to the west but was relocated when the Reynolds Avenue bridge over the railroad cut was built in the 1960s. The railroad in the cut is an operating railroad with several trains a day.
The 6th Wisconsin Infantry at the Battle of Gettysburg
The Sixth Wisconsin was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Rufus R. Dawes, grandson of the William Dawes who rode with Paul Revere. It brought 340 men to the field and lost 30 killed, 116 wounded and 22 missing.
The Sixth and the rest of the First Corps were the first Northern infantry in the fight at Gettysburg, going into action northwest of town during the morning of July 1st.
The regiment was initially held in reserve from the rest of the Iron Brigade. When Davis’ Mississippi Brigade threatened to outflank the Iron Brigade the 6th Wisconsin charged across open ground to the Railway Cut north of Chambersburg Pike, trapping much of Davis’ command and taking a number of prisoners, particularly from the 2nd Mississippi Infantry.
By late afternoon the Union position north and west of Gettysburg collapsed and the Sixth was forced to retreat though Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill. It was ordered with the rest of the First Division to the north side of Culp’s Hill, which it defended for the rest of the battle.
|Corporal Francis A. Waller of Company I was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions on July 1st when he captured the flag of the 2d Mississippi Infantry|
|See Lt. Colonel Rufus Dawes’ Official Report on the 6th Wisconsin in the Gettysburg Campaign.|
From the front of the monument
6th Wis. Vol.
1st Brigade 1st Division 1st Corps
July 1, 1863
From the left side:
In the charge made on this R.R. cut the 2nd Miss. Regt. officers, men, and battle flag surrendered to the 6th. Wis.
Loss in 6th Regt.
Killed — 30.
Wounded — 116.
Missing — 22.
Aggregate — 168.
From the right side:
Number who lost their lives in battle in the 6th Wis. Regt. during the war
Killed — 163
Died of wounds — 71
Total — 234.
From the marker on Culp’s Hill
6th Wis. Regt.
July 2nd & 3rd 1863
See more on the 6th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Civil War