The monument to the First West Virginia Cavalry Regiment is south of Gettysburg on Taneytown Road north of the Hummelbaugh farm. (39.808668° N, 77.230652° W; Google map; Tour map: Pleasonton Avenue) It was dedicated on September 28, 1898 by the State of West Virginia.
About the monument
The granite monument stands 8′ 4″ tall. It is an unusual placement for a monument at Gettysburg, as it marks where the regiment arrived on the battlefield on July 3rd and not where it was in action that afternoon on the left flank of the army. It was decided to place the monument on Taneytown Road because at the time it was a much more accessible and visited part of the battlefield.
The First West Virginia Cavalry at Gettysburg
The First West Virginia Cavalry was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Colonel Nathaniel P. Richmond. It brought 436 men to the field in ten companies – Companies A and I were not present. The regiment lost four killed, four wounded and four missing.
The regiment was part of the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division of the Cavalry Corps. Colonel Richmond took over the brigade after the death of Brigadier General Elon Farnsworth at the end of July 3rd, and Maj. Charles E. Capehart took command of the regiment.
From the monument:
Erected by the State of
to commemorate the
valor and fidelity
First West Virginia Cavalry
See more on the 1st West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry in the Civil War