“1st Regiment Bucktail Brigade”
There are three monuments to the 149th Pennsylvania Volunteers on the Gettysburg battlefield.
The main monument is on Chambersburg Road near the McPherson barn. (39.83756° N, 77.25141° W; Tour map: Stone & Meredith Avenues ) It was dedicated in 1888 by the State of Pennsylvania, and shows the regiment’s location on the morning of July 1st.
A monument to the regiment’s Company D is southwest of Gettysburg at the northern end of West Confederate Avenue at Middle Street. (39.829512° N , 77.244018° W: Tour map: West Confederate Avenue – Pt. 1 ) It was erected by George W. Baldwin in 1886.
A third monument south of town on Hancock Avenue(lower right) shows the regiment’s position on July 3.(39.810125° N, 77.23577° W; Tour map: Hancock Avenue Pt. 3) This was the original monument and was dedicated on McPherson’s Ridge in 1886, and then moved to the Hancock Avenue location when the newer monument was dedicated. (Google maps to all three monuments)
The 149th Pennsylvania was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Walton Dwight. He was wounded on July 1. For some time that afternoon all of the regiment’s officers on the field were killed or wounded. Company D had been detached as Provost Guard, and when it rejoined the regiment in the late afternoon its Captain, James Glenn, took command of the regiment.
In the first day’s fighting along Chambersburg Pike the regiment suffered heavily from Confederate artillery. One shot killed three men, cutting Captain Alfred Sofiel in half. Lt. Col. Dwight sent the color party fifty yards north to draw fire away from the regiment. This worked, although when the Union line was forced to retreat the colors were lost, in spite of the heroic death of Color Sergeant Henry Brehm, who was shot down after he had fought off a party of attackers and was running to return the colors to the retreating regiment.
Monument on Chambersburg Road
From the monument on Chambersburg Road:
149th Pennylvania Infantry
(1st Regt. Bucktail Brigade)
2d Brig. 3rd Div. 1st Corps.
July 1st. The Regiment held this position from 11:30 a.m. until the Corps retired, resisting several assaults of the enemy, making two successful charges to the R.R. Cut and changing front to rear under fire.
July 2nd. Moved to support of the left and remained on picket all night. In the morning of the 3rd moved to left center where its other monument stands.
Carried into action 450.
Killed and mortally wounded 66. Wounded 159.
Captured or missing in toal 336.
Mustered in Aug. 30th, 1862.
Mustered out June 24th 1865.
Monument to Company D
On July 1 Company D had been detached as Provost Guard for the division. After the battle was underway it moved to rejoin the regiment and reached the field near the Schultz House where the Company D monument is located, making a stand for twenty minutes to cover the regiment’s retreat. The company’s commander, Captain James Glenn, assumed command of the regiment on learning he was the only unwounded officer.
From the Company D monument:
Co. D. 149th Pa. Vol.
2. Brig. 3. Div. I.Army Corps
Erected and presented to the company by George W. Baldwin in memory of his brother Joseph H. Baldwin who was killed here July 1, 1863, and Alex M. Stuart mortally wounded dying in Gettysburg, July 6, 1863.
Monument on Hancock Avenue
The monument on Hancock Avenue was the original regimental monument, dedicated on October 20, 1886. It was moved from its original location on McPherson’s Ridge when the newer monument was erected.
From the front of the monument on Hancock Avenue:
149th Reg’t Pa. Vol’s
July 3rd 1863.
From the sides:
2nd Brigade 3rd Division 1st Corps
See more on the 149th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the Civil War