The monument to Battery M, 1st New York Light Artillery is south of Gettysburg on the summit of Powers Hill. To reach it, park on Granite Schoolhouse Road and follow the trail into the woods right behind the 77th New York monument. (39.80636° N, 77.22049° W; Google map)
Battery M was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Charles E. Winegar. It brought 96 men to the field serving four 10-Pounder Parrott Rifles. The battery only had the horses and manpower for two sections after its losses at the Battle of Chancellorsville. It suffered no casualties at Getysburg.
One section of the battery under Lieutenant John W. Woodbury was positioned on Powers Hill while the second under Lieutenant Smith was positioned on the McAllister Farm. Both supported the 12th Corps fighting on July 3. Lieutenant Woodbury’s section was requested to help suppress Confederate sharpshooters in the Z. Taney farmhouse. It was moved across the Baltimore Pike
At the time of the battle Powers Hill was partially cleared, making it a good artillery position for Union guns to duel with Confederate pieces on Benner’s Hill and to provide support to 12th Corps infantry on Culp’s Hill and around Spangler’s Spring. It also served as a signal post and 12th Corps headquarters. Over the years the hill became deeply wooded, (as seen in the photos at the bottom of the page) leaving the few visitors who made it to the monuments to wonder at the usefulness of artillery there. But the Park Service has recently cleared trees on the hill’s northeast side to restore it to its 1863 condition.
From the front of the monument:
1st N.Y. Light Artillery
1st Division, 12th Corps
Held this position
July 2d – 3d, 1863.
From the right side of the monument:
Organized Lockport, N.Y.
Mustered in Oct. 14, 1861.
Re-enlisted Dec. 10, 1863.
From the left side of the monument:
June 24, 1865
From the rear of the monument:
Winchester, Cedar Mountain, Beverly Ford, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Resaca, New Hope Church, Dallas, Culp’s Farm, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Averyboro, Bentonville
Another view of the monument to Battery M taken from before the woods were cleared