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7 - View NNW

The view to the west northwest from the roof of the Pennsylvania Memorial looks across Hancock Avenue. Emmitsburg road is in the distance, crossing from the prominent red Codori barn on the right side of the photo and trackable by the white fences on the left of the photo.

Just above the parked car on the west side of Hancock Avenue is the monument to the 1st Regular Brigade of the Artillery Reserve. The five brigades of the Army of the Potomac’s Artillery Reserve performed well at Gettysburg, allowing fresh batteries to replace batteries that were out of ammo or who had been roughed up in the fighting. Next along Hancock Avenue is the monument to the 9th Michigan Battery, flanked by two 3″ Ordnance Rifles. Although the battery was designated as horse artillery and was assigned to the Cavalry Corps, it was stationed here to support the infantry of the 1st Corps during Pickett’s Charge.

Next along the avenue is the diamond shaped monument to the 17th Maine Infantry. This regiment from the 3rd Corps (whose corps symbol is the diamond) had fought in the Wheatfield on July 2 at the site of its primary monument, losing about a third of its men, and was stationed here on July 3 to support the artillery line. Just before the intersection with Pleasonton Avenue is the monument to the New Hampshire Sharpshooters, three companies of men attached to Berdan’s Sharpshooter regiments in the 3rd Corps.

Farther around the curve of Hancock Avenue and just below the Codori barn is the monument marking the location where Union Major General Winfield Scott Hancock was wounded during Pickett’s Charge. Hancock commanded the section of the Union line along his namesake avenue on July 2 and 3 and was instrumental in holding back the Confederate attacks of both days. Badly wounded in the final minutes of Pickett’s Charge, he refused to be removed from the field until the he was sure the attack had been defeated.

Other monuments are visible in the far distance. One is especially significant. To the right of the center the white column nestled in the tree line about a mile away, is the monument to the State of Virginia, which includes the statue of General Robert E. Lee. The tree line was the starting point of the Confederate attacks on both July 2 and 3, and the point to which the defeated attackers withdrew at the end of the fighting.