The view to the south southwest from the roof of the Pennsylvania Memorial looks across the fields toward the trees that line the headwaters of Plum Run. The Trostle farm buildings can be seen through the trees a little to the left of center. In the distance beyond the Trostle farm is the Peach Orchard.
The Confederate attack on July 2 swept across the Peach Orchard and the Trostle farm and reached these fields before it was stopped by Union counterattacks. The 262 men of the 1st Minnesota Infantry (whose monument is out of frame to the left) launched a desperate charge against two Confederate brigades and stopped them at the swale until reinforcements could arrive.
A counterattack by Union Colonel George Willard’s brigade of the Second Corps threw the Confederates back to Emmitsburg Road, whose white fence line can be seen in the far distance. Colonel Willard’s monument is the white speck at the end of the two track leading out to the swale on the right side of the photo. He was killed by an artillery shell at the end of the successful attack as his brigade withdrew to the Union lines reforming on Cemetery Ridge.
The monument to Pennsylvania’s Independent Batteries C&F is at the base of the Pennsylvania Memorial on the west side of Hancock Avenue. They were overrun on July 2 in the Peach Orchard and their survivors were moved here on July 3, where they defended against Pickett’s Charge.