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View Northwest from the roof of the Pennsylvania Memorial at Gettysburg

The view to the northwest from the roof of the Pennsylvania Monument. Hancock Avenue continues across the view in a large curve while Pleasonton Avenue comes in from the right (east), connecting with Taneytown Road outside the park boundaries.

The bright red Codori Barn is at the upper left of the view. This is where Confederate Major General George Pickett stationed himself as his division moved from left to right across the scene to attack the Union lines at the Copse of Trees, visible on the extreme right. As Pickett’s men moved across the field three regiments of the Union Vermont Brigade swung out of the Union line that roughly followed Hancock Avenue until they were at right angles with the Confederate attack, delivering brutally effective flanking fire into the Pickett’s men.

Ten monuments are close enough to be easily identified. At the very left of the photo is part of the monument to the New Hampshire Sharpshooters, three companies of men who were attached to Berdan’s Sharpshooter regiments in the 3rd Corps.The small white square below the Codori barn is the monument marking the location where Union Major General Winfield Scott Hancock was wounded during Pickett’s Charge. Hancock commanded the section of the Union line along his namesake Avenue on July 2 and 3 and was instrumental in holding back the Confederate attacks of both days. Badly wounded in the final minutes of Pickett’s Charge, he refused to be removed from the field until the he was sure the attack had been defeated.

Farther along the curve and on the near side of Hancock Avenue is the slender white shaft of the 14th Vermont Infantry. To its right the small rectangle of white is the monument to the 16th Vermont Infantry. To its right is the mounted tablet that is the monument to the 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division of the 1st Army Corps, also known as the 2nd Vermont Brigade, the parent organization for the Vermont regiments. The very tall spire is the State of Vermont monument. To its right is the monument to the 13th Vermont Infantry. Across Hancock Avenue from the tall State of Vermont Monument is a small white speck; this is a position marker for the 13th Vermont, one of three that traces the regiment’s course in its swinging flanking move that helped doom Pickett’s Charge.